Sweet Scarlet Goumi Plant Information | Great Escape Farms

This post, titled Sweet Scarlet Goumi Plant Information, covers this nitrogen fixing, edible and medicinal plant and provides you with a recipe for them.

Sweet Scarlet Goumi (Elaeagnus multiflora) is a Ukrainian variety hardy down in USDA hardiness zones 4-8.  This perennial, deciduous small shrub likes a well-drained site with at least a half-day of sun.  It is suitable for light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil.

Sweet Scarlet Goumi Plant Information

Sweet Scarlet Goumi Plant Information

The sweet scarlet goumi grows 4-6ft. tall and wide. It is self-fertile and produces fragrant creamy white flowers in May followed by tasty (and nutritious) little red berries the size of small pie cherries in late June. It has olive shaped leaves and silvery under tones. The wood of the plant is a rich red brown.

It is not bothered by pests or diseases and begins bearing 2 to 3 years after planting. They are very drought and wind resistant. But look out, the birds love the fruits.

Nitrogen Fixer

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria. These bacteria fix atmospheric nitrogen, making it available in usable form for the host plant, and indirectly for other nearby plants. An excellent companion plant, when grown in orchards it can increase yields from the fruit trees by up to 10%.


Goumi can be propagated by seed, softwood and hardwood cuttings.  A warm stratification for 4 weeks followed by 12-weeks cold stratification can help the seeds germinate. Softwood cuttings of 2 ½  – 4 inches with a heel can be taken in July/August in a frame. Hardwood cuttings of the current year’s growth, 4 – 5 inches with a heel, can be taken in November in a frame. Leave for 12 months.

Goumi can not be shipped to AK, AZ, CA, HI, ID


Goumis’ are filled with vitamins A and E and contain more of the heart-healthy nutrient lycopene than even the tomato. They have a sweet-tart flavor and are eaten fresh with other fruit or green salads, and juiced or made into jellies and jams. They are also used for making of wine and fruit leather.

The seed is also edible, and contains a high amount of protein. A couple of authors claim the seed tastes like a peanut.

Sweet Scarlet Goumi Plant Information

Sweet Scarlet Goumi Plant Information


The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers. *

The leaves are used in the treatment of coughs. The fruit is prescribed in the treatment of watery diarrhea. *

The root is astringent, a decoction is used to treat itch and foul sores *


Purchase Sweet Scarlet Goumi plants at Great Escape Nursery

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.  This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.  Sweet Scarlet Goumi Plant Information


Goumi Berry Martini


For the fresh goumi berry syrup:

  • ⅓ cup water
  • ⅓ cup sugar
  • 1⅓ cups fresh goumi berries

For the martini:

  • 1½ ounces vodka
  • 1½ ounces goumi berry syrup
  • 1 teaspoon fresh lemon juice

For the fresh goumi berry syrup:

  • In a small saucepan, heat the water and sugar until the sugar dissolves. Add the goumi berries and cook over medium heat until the skins begin to pop, about 3 minutes. Pour through a fine mesh sieve or strainer and press the berries to get out all the juice. Discard the seeds and skins. Chill syrup until ready to use.

For the martini:

  • Place all ingredients into a cocktail shaker filled with ice. Shake vigorously. Strain into a chilled martini glass. Garnish with lemon slices if desired.


Purchase Sweet Scarlet Goumi plants at Great Escape Nursery

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  1. The photos you are using for goumi are incorrect, and depict another plant from the same family, but not goumi.

    • Hi Lena, Thanks for the notification. I’m not positive where that photo came from, but I replaced it with two showing fruit from my yard with a known sweet scarlet goumi plant.

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