Broadleaf Plantain Plant Information
This blog post provides Broadleaf Plantain Plant Information. Broadleaf Plantain (Plantago major) is one of the more common plants found here in the mid-Atlantic region. While it is native to Europe and northern Asia, the USDA hardiness range from zone 3 to 9 has helped this perennial to naturalized all over the place. It is also known as the Mother of Herbs, Broadleaf Plantain, Greater Plantain and White Man’s Footprint.
The leaves form in a rosette fashion. It has flower heads that consist of leafless, slender spikes of inconspicuous flowers clustered densely along an upright flowering head. Each plant can produce up to 20000 seeds.
Plantain thrives in disturbed and compacted soils and is used for soil rehabilitation.
The plant enjoys full sun and moist well drained soil. When planting by seed, place the seeds on the soil surface and press in. For outside planting, plant seeds in the fall or before last frost. If starting indoors, cold stratify seed for 7 days, then start indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost and plant out after last frost. It grows better than most plants in compacted soil. Because seed can remain viable in the soil from 10 to over 50 years and it can spread to become a common weed, so consider planting away from your garden. I purchased seeds from Restoration Seeds in October of 2013. I planted a few in the 2014 season and they grew strong and large. They came back in 2015.
Edible/Medicinal Information: Excellent astringent to heal cuts and draw out splinters. Poultice relieves bee stings and extracts snakebite poison rapidly. Useful for respiratory, bladder and ulcer problems. A potent coagulant, those taking blood thinners or are prone to clots should not use internally. *
“Great plantain is used for bladder infections, bronchitis, colds, and irritated or bleeding hemorrhoids. It is also used to kill germs and reduce swelling.
Some people apply great plantain directly to the affected area for skin conditions or eye irritation.”*
All parts of the plant are edible. The young leaves are fine eaten fresh, the older leaves are tough and bitter fresh, so they are best blanched. Seeds can be ground into a flour substitute. The plant is high in calcium and vitamins A, C, and K
Nutty Plantain Snack Recipe
>> 1 handful of plantain seed
>> 3 handfuls of pumpkin seeds
>> 3 handfuls of sesame seeds
>> Olive oil (enough to just cover the seeds)
>> Sea salt to taste
Place seeds into a bowl, add olive oil and salt. Be sure to coat all seeds.
Either roast seeds in oven on a baking sheet at 300°F for 10-15 minutes or roast them in a frying pan on the stove.
(Recipe from: www.ediblewildfood.com/nutty-plantain-snack.aspx)
*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.
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